“A garden teaches a child about the delicate balance between living and surviving, through a hands-on relationship with another living organism” (Kawamura 2009)
In the article, The School in Every Garden, a balance of living and relationships are explored. Showing us the pathways of how connected we are to nature and surviving. Calling on world hunger/obesity that strikes many people showing us that relationships are important to strive. Comparing the responsibilities of taking care of a garden to taking care of children, questioning how a failed “crop” can only be to blame by ourselves. With new developments, many are reaching out to create gardens within their schools to create awareness. Similarly, in the article, A New Garden Ethic, the ideas of morals and values relating to a growing garden are shared. Affecting the future generations and how their gardens will be grown, learning from the garden the proper morals and values to life.
This article reminds me of my hometown, where in recent years our faculty and students started a community garden. Taking donations of seeds and volunteering their time to nurture the garden to thrive. While the garden grew many members of the town would walk down towards the garden and admire its beauty and often pick a few things for themselves. The food harvested was then washed and donated to families in need within the community, giving them fresh food to enjoy.
In the article, Earth in Mind, the challenges of our future are becoming more and more prevalent. Showing us the ignorances of humans to the Earth and its abilities. Every day numerous areas are dying and causing changes to our planet. This could be due to our education, focusing so much on theories, abstracts and lack of questioning. Trying to manage the planet, dominate the planet in such a way that humans thrive. The article also explores the dangers of education, many educational goals are related to how to further dominate the Earth rather than live within it and to find understanding about the Earth’s greatest functions. It’s also seen as education is rushing those new to the process of learning, making it hard for those to find their true calling within the Earth.
September 10, 2020
Today I visited my place. I chose this place because it brings me clarity. Its located behind a school and in front of a nature reserve, either direction I turn I am met with grass, trees and animals. Before I began this class I often went to this place to clear my head, finding relief from the world pressures and expectations. Today was a bit colder than I would have liked, the wind being cold, pushing the fall season on to us quickly. Birds not flying nearly as much and the bunnies coats slowly transforming white for winter. The trees are starting to become barer and barer, but the grasshoppers continue to attack as you walk through the yellowing grass. This place that I have grown to love is transitioning to a new season, a season I have not yet spent here and cannot wait to continue to see change.
This place relates to the article, “The School in Every Garden”, brightening the way I view nature and myself, feeling a connection between the planet and who I am as a person. If the planet can survive the brutal winters and the changes of the season, why can’t I accept the changes that come into my life? It’s often a question I ask myself because I don’t enjoy change, although it happens every day, I just hate to accept change. Connecting with the planet gives me a further understanding of change, and how I should make the best out of what I have and what is evolving around me.
September 16, 2020
Documentary - "The Need to Grow": What are the problems resulting from industrialized farming practices?
War against all species
More chemicals into production, all the chemicals do is kill
What is "regenerative" agriculture?
Regenerative agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that seeks to rehabilitate and enhance the entire ecosystem of the farm by placing a heavy premium on soil health with attention also paid to water management, fertilizer use, and more. It is a method of farming that “improves the resources it uses, rather than destroying or depleting them,”
Of all people featured in this documentary, who / whose story left an impression on you? How and in what ways?
Jeffrey M. Smith, he opposes the GMO industry, I prefer natural if everything is changed them what does that mean for the planet, there is a reason it is the way it is.
What did you learn about soil, about the carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle, and water cycle from this documentary?
I didn’t learn much that I hadn’t already known after taking multiple biology courses in high school and university. It was extremely educational for those who may not have known anything.
Sanctuary: Today, it was quite chilly, the sun peeking through the clouds, a slight breeze rustling the grass. I wore a large jacket and some long pants, hoping to stay warm as I sat outside. I sat there wondering, how everything I do affects the environment, how just breathing can alter something on the planet. I watched the bunnies run around, trying to find food before winter hit. I often loved watching them run passed me, I would often say hi to them as I walked past them, hoping they wouldn’t run as I was trying not to disturb their peace. It was quiet outside today, I could faintly hear the vehicles trudging along the main road, but that’s the only sound that surrounded me besides my breathing. I loved visiting this place as it brought me peace, a place to sort my mind and calm any intruding thoughts. It also made me feel connected with the planet, it made me question as human beings what we were doing to it.
September 25, 2020
It was quite busy in my spot today, I usually go when the children from the school are in class. But today I went a bit earlier and it was packed with small groups of children. The weather has been so nice lately that I could sit out there for hours. All around me are plants and trees, I am not sure what their names are as I was never really taught the different types of trees and plants. The plants and trees are slowly changing colour. The trees' leaves are turning yellow and falling to the ground and the grass and plants are slowly turning yellow. They appear to be dying, a natural occurrence with the fall and winter weather approaching.
I believe my values are suitable for myself, I value the environment but I feel as though I could be doing other things to make it better. I could cut down my plastic usage and start composting, and I could try to walk to places more rather than drive. Even though it’s just me doing it, it could influence others to follow along and follow in my footsteps. As I come into a classroom as a teacher I want to implement the best ways to value our environment and to teach them how important the planet is to us.
“The image commonly employed in conservation education is ‘the balance of nature’. For reasons too lengthy to detail here, this figure of speech fails to describe accurately what little we know about the land mechanism” (Land Ethics).
This is an important section of the article “Land Ethics” by Aldo Leopold. As we learn in high school science, nature is made up of chains. Passing on energy through each cycle that is rotated. As stated above the idea that balance of nature is correct is failing to show the realities behind how energy is transferred and how much energy is transferred. This affects how others view the planet and how nature is seen within the ecosystems.
October 1, 2020
Painting: How do the world-views and values and practices revealed in the painting and by the artist compare with your world-views, values, and practices?
The world-views are so much different than how my world-views are shaped and practiced. Women were the key to many practices in the Aboriginal cultures. In western world-views women are inferior to men and men are seen to be the main focus of honour.
What else do you learn from this interactive painting?
There is so much learned like:
Feather means absolute truth
Metis women with the saddlebags and cart
Women were the agriculturists and medicine keepers
Inuit women carried their children everywhere
“Idle No More”
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women
Sanctuary: It was really cold today, the brisk wind blowing around me, causing my body to shiver. I dressed warm so I could spend more time outside and enjoy the peacefulness of the place. The birds have quieted and bunnies still roam the field, often you can hear their jumping steps along the yellowing grass. My body was cold, often shivering to keep me warm, wanting to feel any sort of warmth again. Maybe that's what it was trying to tell me, to keep warm and think of warm places to relax and calm my body from the bite of the cold. This place brings me comfort and peace, calming my racing thoughts and allowing me to think and breathe clearly. It's showing me a mirror image of how I wish to always be peaceful and calm but factors from the outside always seem to peer in. I often sense a feeling of overwhelming emotions, sometimes escaping myself before realizing what is happening. I sense the feeling to be free and to let go of anything that is often weighing on my shoulders. Without this place I wouldn't be able to find comfort in myself and reflect on who I am. Article: Before you read this article, write down what you already know about Maple Trees? I honestly know nothing about maple trees aside from maple syrup. What does it mean to declare citizenship in Maple Nation? Declaring citizenship means to pay taxes and support of the community. In what ways have the maple trees been contributing to the well-being of the community? - Contribution of limb wood to heat the homes - maple contributions for monthly fundraisers to fund a new engine - energy bill decreases because of shade provided -Donate shade to the parade every year -Break wind so snow plowing is less often
October 13, 2020
Sanctuary: It’s been getting more and more bitterly cold outside as the days progress through the year. The sun still shines most days but the breeze could easily make it feel below freezing. Soon it'll be time for snow and the seasons will transition from fall to winter. The bunnies still run around, ravaging for food before the snow falls. Although many of the animals and insects I used to see are gone, hiding from the cold. Today I was hesitant to go outside, I don’t mind cold weather but the breeze today was so chilly that I wasn’t sure if my body could keep up with heat production. But I faced the brisk cold and ventured to my place anyway. Oddly enough I missed sitting here, it brought back the warm summer days where families and people played in the grass adjacent to the spot. I watched people play cricket or soccer in that field, sitting comfortably on a blanket soaking up the sun rays. A couple nights ago, me and my significant other went and laid out a blanket, brought some snacks along and just sat in that spot staring up at the starry sky. The wind was brisk but the 22 degree weather didn’t stop the night sky from keeping us outside. It was relaxing, calm, not a single person or animal in sight.
The Story of Stuff:
The connections between a huge number of environmental and social issues, and calls us together to create an increasingly sustainable and just world.
The video is against dividing the materials economy into a linear system composed of extraction, production, distribution, consumption, and disposal. Instead, it adds people, the government, and the corporations, viewing all of them as they operate and influence each other simultaneously changing human life profoundly as a result. In other words, in contradistinction to the linear understanding, the video shows the economy as a cardinal dimension of human existence itself.
"We [The U.S.] have 5% of the world's population but we're consuming 30% of the world's resources and creating 30% of the world's waste." She cites Seitz (2001), who says, "...in 1990 the United States, with about 5 percent of the world's population, was using about one-quarter of the energy being used by all nations." and a chapter in Global Environmental Issues that puts the US production of waste at around 10 billion tons per year before the turn of the millennium.
October 19, 2020
Today was COLD. It was so cold I couldn't bear to sit there for anything longer than 20 minutes. The wind was grabbing at the jacket, almost as if trying to expose me more and more to the cold. My blanket was unable to lay flat as it was blown all around me, whipping in the nipping cold. Even the rabbits were hiding from the wind, none to be seen in the field or creek, one only peeking out from behind the bush. This place is called the Harbour Landing Environment Reserve, spanning all of Harbour Landing, with walking paths beside the creeks.
The Harbour Landing Environmental Reserve is designed to support natural drainage and habitats, protect nearby properties from flooding, prevent soil erosion, protect bodies of water from pollution and stay in a natural state. The community of Harbour Landing received its name in recognition of Regina’s impressive role in aviation history. Regina is the proud home to several firsts in the advancement of both Canadian and North American aviation, inspiring the theme for the community. Some of Regina’s firsts in aviation history include that:
the original air field was located in the Lakeview District and in 1920 Government of Canada Regulators assigned this field the destination of Canada’s first licensed “air harbour”;
Roland Groome received the Canadian Commercial Pilot’s License Number 1, and mechanic Robert McCombie was given Air Engineer’s License Number 1 both of which were Regina residents; and
Regina was home base to North America’s first air ambulance service.
It’s below freezing now, I have managed to keep warm and sit down for another day of reflection. All around me the wind blows the bare trees and rabbits run about as their fur slowly changes to white. The snow is lightly falling today, not too much to cover the ground just yet. This week has been super busy and assignments seem to be and never ending task. We present our environmental issues project this week and I am doing Biodiversity in Saskatchewan. Within the presentation I talk about recent environmental issues that occured in my special place. Lots of people have been fighting the city due to weed growth in the creeks in the summer. Unhappy with the look of the weeds and scared for pet owners who come across these weeds. It is a hard issue to resolve as the city understands the concerns but they are also trying to save the biodiversity in the area and conserve nature. Although the community is hiring people to cut down the weeds against the city wishes due to their property lines. Other than this past summer I haven’t heard of any other problems or concerns due to the nature in the area. It is now winter and hopefully by next summer a solution is made.
October 28, 2020
The weather has been extremely nice! I feel like I should be pulling out the shorts and tank top again. The sun has been shining and it seems as if it isn't even fall/winter. As happy as I am about how warm it is, I know that this isn’t a good sign for our planet. With global warming we see higher temperatures and more melting happening, which in turn is a never ending cycle. Next week it is calling for lots of snow and some pretty cold temperatures. I went to my place today and saw the school children playing in the field. They seemed to be enjoying the weather just as much as I was. It was great to see how in such a tricky time, children were still having fun even with the restrictions. In class lately we have been going over presentations. It is really interesting to hear of all the issues, learning about how our Earth is and being about the reflection on these hard times. Sitting here I am able to reflect on everyone's presentations, remembering about the water pollution and the bees and can’t forget the spot I sit every day being called to action over weeds harming animals.
November 3, 2020
This week we have continued our presentations, learning more about what issues are present in the world. Along with visiting my spot it has now gotten extremely cold and we have A LOT of snow that fell in the one night. I really like snow, I remember as a kid I would sit outside for hours playing in the snow, making houses and snowmen. My sister and I would play well after the street light came on in our front yard, where the street light would shine bright and we could see the snow and streets. Sitting out here brings back these memories, flying into mind and smiling about how small and fragile we used to be. It slightly warmed up today, enough to bear going outside and sitting in this pile of snow on top of the hill. The creek looked beautiful, covered in snow but some spots bare with ice. I'll be sad to leave this spot behind this winter after I move. It really did help me think and heal, in ways you wouldn't think a spot to reflect would. I can only continue this journey and find a new spot to venture to in a time of need.
November 17, 2020
It was nice out today so I went and enjoyed a longer session outside to sit and reflect on life. It's been tough lately, I wrote a midterm and it didn't end up going well. I haven’t been able to get back on track with my motivation. The snow was melting today and I know by nightfall that it will be an icy mess. I really enjoy when the weather warms up but it really does become a hazard to the people on the roads and to the environment. The fluctuation of the temperatures clearly show us that we are experiencing climate change and global warming. Coming to my place really helps me learn and reflect as on social media all you see are posts about how global warming and climate change are fake and not real. It’s draining, and it really does affect how much motivation a person has in life to complete tasks. Soon it will be the end of the semester and all my new knowledge will be shared with those around me.
November 30, 2020
1)Considering the history/ evolution of EE field as summarized by Stevenson (1987, 2007), what are the ideological conflicts within the environmental movement? 2)How do EE and schooling differ in purpose? 3)What are the curriculum and pedagogical contradictions between EE and schooling?
Major blame has been attributed variously to population growth, modern industrial technology, the capitalist economic system, economic growth and an affluent consumer society in which materialistic values predominate.
Schooling: Schools, hence classrooms, were structured to present basic information, to enable the practice of routine skills, and to maintain existing social conditions and relations. Given the universality and stability of their structural organization over almost two centuries, it seems that schools in the form of classrooms generally are efficient in meeting the above purpose. Historically then, schools were not intended to develop critical thinkers, social inquirers and problem solvers, or active participants in environmental and political (or even educational) decision making. Put simply, their intended function was not to promote social change or reconstruction. One of the dominant beliefs is that the role of schools should include credentialing students with respect to their ability to demonstrate mastery of ‘valued’ knowledge and skills. Students’ assessed performance then becomes a significant determinant of their life chances and economic well-being. The well-known consequence of this credentialing role is that the participants see the ‘real’ purpose of schooling as the pursuit of individual academic achievements.
EE: The rhetoric of environmental education, on the other hand, focuses on improving the quality of life of all humankind on our planet by finding ‘ways to ensure that no nation should grow or develop at the expense of another nation and that the consumption of no individual should be increased at the expense of other individuals’. Several key aspirations are embedded in this statement. First, environmental education is concerned not only with social reconstruction to alleviate exploitation of the environment, but also with the avoidance of social injustices in the process of that reconstruction. Second, ecological harmony and social justice suggest the need for an interdependent community (at both global and local levels), rather than the liberal, capitalist notion of a community of free or autonomous individuals without collective responsibility (which may demand forgoing certain individual interests).
Summary: Contemporary environmental education, therefore, has the revolutionary purpose of transforming the values that underlie our decision making, from the present ones which aid and abet environmental (and human) degradation to those which support a sustainable planet in which all people live with equal human dignity. This contrasts with the traditional purpose of schools, as described above, of conserving the existing social order by reproducing the norms and values that currently dominate environmental decision making.
3. While an environmental education curriculum should be interdisciplinary and focus on real practical problems, school curricula are discipline-based and emphasize abstract theoretical problems. Whereas a curriculum in environmental education is emergent and problematic in that the content arises as students are involved in specific environmental problems, most school curricula are predefined since they are designed to serve predetermined behaviourally specific ends (that is, ends whose attainment can be readily assessed). Similarly, pedagogy in environmental education ought to be problematic in the sense that the way for students (and teachers) to solve environmental problems is uncertain, in contrast to the unproblematic pedagogy of information dissemination which results from instructional means being clearly defined by the criterion of the efficient achievement of the desired ends. A function of knowledge in environmental education is immediate use for the social value of a sustainable and emancipated quality of life, which conflicts with the major function of school knowledge as storage for future use and the enhancement of individual status and economic well-being. While environmental education advocates learning that is holistic and co-operative, school learning tends to be atomistic and individual. In environmental education rhetoric students are active thinkers and generators of knowledge, but in schools students are usually in the passive position of spectators and recipients of other people’s knowledge and thinking.
December 8, 2020
The relationship between the environment and humans, is heavily dependent on our interactions as humans. We have become so dependent on all the natural resources the environment offers, affecting our impact on the environment. As we continue to take from the environment we continue to impact the next generations to come, and soon all our natural resources will be used up. We have broken our bond with the environment and continue to deteriorate our relationship. Pollutants of air, water, land continue to get worse day by day and even with knowledge that our planet is suffering there has been small accountability taken and change made. Often we take our advancements as great achievements and our evolution as something hard to accomplish, but very little do we see and compare how our Earth is suffering. We are so worried about our future technologies that we worry less about our future as a whole on this planet. Our inability to take action is only leading for our future struggle as well. We are so far beyond fixing that the idea of moving planets have been in the works for years.
In ESCI 302 I was able to learn the effects of our ongoing lives and how to take initiative with ways to change it. I was able to reflect in my special place and really pay attention to how things are so different today than they were years ago. I have changed my ways considerably, realizing how my footprint has affected the planet. I also often try to educate others on their impact on the environment, and for some they listen, some don’t. Our environment needs to be protected and it feels as though those in charge of the mass productions are more concerned about sales then their habits. With the resources we were given throughout the course, we were able to see the multiple perspectives and needs to protect our environment. Hopefully, one day before its too late, there will be a great change to how we live in this world.
Self - Evaluation
Attendance - my evaluation: 95%
Throughout the course I attended class regularly, making my utmost effort to join and participate in class.
Participation/Contribution - my evaluation: 85%
Throughout the course I participated in class discussions, presentations, questions, circle of trust, closing, and breakout room discussions. I also handed in weekly journals, class blogs and comments, jam-boards, padlets, etc in a timely and professional manner. I used information offline for journals and class blogs/comments, along with sharing information from this class in my other education classes as well. I engaged with the course content to my highest efforts, keeping up with many readings and videos to demonstrate a better understanding.
Weekly Journals - my evaluation: 80%
I did a weekly journal for every week we had class. I reflected on our material along with my special place. It was inspiring and really helped me understand our Earth and readings more. I completed the readings, videos and journals in a timely manner and within the week it was expected to be done for. I responded to other peers' work when we were assigned to and allowed myself to deepen my understanding from their perspective and knowledge.